What is Glaucoma?
In the United States alone there are typically over two-thousand cases of Glaucoma per year. By 2020, it is expected that 3.3 million people in the US will have this eye damaging disease.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve. Frequently, there are no signs while others will gradually experience a loss of vision over time. Early stages of glaucoma generally have zero symptoms. If glaucoma is not quickly treated, a person may experience loss of peripheral vision and in worse cases, it can lead to permanent blindness.
At Hayder Eye Care, we care about the health of El Paso residents’ eyes which is why we want you to know all the facts.
There are two types of glaucoma:
Open-angle glaucoma: caused by a slow clogging of the drainage canals in the eyes and results in increased eye pressure.
Angle-closure glaucoma: develops quickly, damages are usually noticeable, and is caused by a block of the drainage canals, also results in fluid pressure inside the eye.
You may be at risk if:
Are over the age of 40
Have a history of diabetes
Are taking steroid medication
Have has a previous eye-related injury
If you experience the following symptoms, you should see an eye doctor:
Pain in the eyes
Redness in the eyes
Are seeing halo-like lights
Unusual nausea or vomiting
Are seeing a narrow (tunnel) vision
How Hayder Eye Care tests for glaucoma:
Dilate the eyes – when the eyes are dilated we are able to check for damage or other eye-related issues.
Visual acuity test – we will measure how you see at different distances.
Visual field test – if you have experienced a loss of peripheral vision, this test will check for signs of glaucoma.
How to treat glaucoma
While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are various treatments. As always, early detection can prevent worsening the disease. A few ways to treat glaucoma include medicine in the form of eye drops or pills. Our eye doctor may also recommend seeing a specialist in El Paso to perform laser trabeculoplasty to drain fluid out of the eye. When these two options fail to control the pressure, conventional surgery may be required. In some cases, surgery will reduce eye pressure by 60 to 80 percent. However, there is a chance your vision will not be as good prior to surgery.
Don’t delay being tested for glaucoma, call us today at 915-592-4600 to schedule your consultation.