Diabetic Eye Disease
What El Paso Residents Need to Know About Diabetic Eye Disease
Individuals with diabetes are prone to the condition known as diabetic eye disease. As the disorder can lead to blindness, it is crucial that El Paso residents find out if they are at risk of developing the life altering illness. If you presently have diabetes, you may face complications with your eyes related to the swelling of blood vessels. Similar to other illnesses, diabetic eye disease gets worse over time and may result in permanent loss of vision.
Discoloration in vision
Loss of vision
Types of diabetic eye diseases:
Background. This type of eye disease occurs when blood vessel damage exists without any known vision problems.
Maculopathy. When damage is done to the part of the eye called the macula (small center area in the retina that allows you to see clearly), your vision can be greatly reduced.
Proliferative. A lack of oxygen to the eye may result in the thinning and blockage of vessels in the eyes leading to proliferative, an advanced stage of diabetic eye disease.
How to prevent diabetic eye disease
Early detection is key. Several lifestyle choices can lower your risk of diabetic eye disease, some of which include:
Lower your sugar intake. Sugar is what causes the blockage in your blood vessels leading to problems with the eyes as well as other parts of your body.
Get moderate exercise. An active lifestyle will benefit your overall health and lower your blood sugar. On average, 150 minutes of light or moderate exercise per week is recommended.
Quit smoking. Smoking puts you at risk of complications related to diabetes such as narrowing and hardening your blood vessels which can ultimately result in a stroke.
Seek professional help. You may require the care of an eye doctor to examine your family history with diabetes and suggest various methods of prevention or treatments.
How to treat diabetic eye disease
Once our eye doctor has detected signs of diabetic eye disease, depending on the specific diagnostic, you will be given proper procedural advice. Here are a few common methods of treatment:
Diet. Practicing a healthy diet that limits your sugar intake will have a positive effect on your eyes.
Medicine. You may be prescribed a medicine known as “anti-VEGF” which reduces the growth of abnormal blood vessels. The drug is given by injections to the eye. Another form of medicinal treatment includes steroid shots for patients with blocked veins in the eye.
Laser surgery. This procedure can help shrink blood vessels and prevent new growth.
Vitrectomy. In severe cases, a vitrectomy surgery may be recommended by an opthamologist to help remove blood and scar tissue from the eye. Additionally, a laser can be used to prevent further bleeding and abnormal blood vessel growth.
Do not delay getting diagnosed.
We know vision is a significant part of your life. At Hayder Eye Care in El Paso, we want to ensure your eyes are healthy and vital. To schedule an eye exam today, call us at 915-592-4600.